Field Report From Mars: Sol 3431 – September 18, 2013

(reprint from the Planetary Society site)



Posted by Larry Crumpler  FROM PLANETARY.ORG

2013/09/18 11:27 CDT

Topics: mission status, Mars, Mars Exploration Rovers, Opportunity

• Opportunity “wades ashore” at Solander Point on September 13

• Climbing Solander Point is imminent

• Spectacular Navcam panorama of the major geologic contact at this location

On sol 3425 Opportunity “waded ashore” at Solander Point after crossing a sea of sand between here and Cape York. Cape York was an “island” remnant of the rim of Endeavour crater that Opportunity left back in May. Since then it has been driving south to the next largest and mountainous remnant of the crater rim, Solander Point. The sand surrounds the isolated remnants of the rim of Endeavour crater and both Cape York and Solander Point are small exposures of very ancient terrain nearly engulfed by the later sands of Merdiani Planum.

In the last few weeks we have been “sailing” northwest along the “east coast” of Solander Point looking at an odd escarpment along its east edge. But finally on September 13, Opportunity landed on the bed rock of Solander Point. The rest of this week we have spent walking across the tip of Solander Point to get to the bright outcrops on the west side.

This morning we arrived at that outcrop where Opportunity will spent the weekend doing detailed analysis before moving on. Current the solar power is getting less as late fall approaches on Mars. So Opportunity needs to start the climb along the ridge of Solander Point where the northerly slopes will yield more power and science activities may continue I the coming months.

The big goal is 200 meters south, but the terrain right here on sol 3431 is awesome. There are several geologic units that are overlapping here. And Opportunity is sitting on the contact. On the east side of the contact are rocks maybe a billion years older than those on the west side of the contact. This sort of age progression is what geologic look for when trying to understand the past by reading the rocks. Opportunity is allowing us for the first time to do not only fundamental geographic exploration, but it is enabling on the ground geologic study of past climatic history on Mars. You only get to do that once per planet. We are here. And we are doing it now, this weekend.


Opportunity Navcam mosaic of Solander PointNASA/JPL-Caltech
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